Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Enbridge’s Line 5 pipeline runs under the Straits of Mackinac. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Remind us what’s in the pipeline and how it’s affecting people in their everyday lives in Michigan and beyond. The tunnel proposed is an expensive but positive way to work toward protecting the resources. This is different than maybe a permitting fight or something like that. The Canadian company’s filing in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan seeks an injunction against Whitmer’s shutdown orders. Primarily light crude. But last week Michigan Gov. With today’s actions by the Governor and Attorney General based on historical Line 5 compliance, Enbridge finally will have an opportunity to review the DNR’s analysis and provide a thorough response through the legal process. Enbridge filed a federal lawsuit soon thereafter to battle the order and keep the pipeline flowing. To contain and clean up oil from water is easier. We’ve certainly heard from environmental groups that are hailing this order to have it shut down in six months, but who’s benefitting from it, what are the economics and the benefits to other groups? They start underground onshore, taper deep underwater and cross the Straits for 4.5 miles. The proposed tunnel would house the replacement segment for the Line 5 petroleum pipeline that sits on the bottom … We should task our engineering schools such as Michigan Tech to come up with answers, we secure Federal funding for these schools, we should require that they become engaged in our needs. Our focus remains on protecting the Great Lakes, the environment and all the people who use these waters while delivering energy that people rely on daily. According to Enbridge, Line 5′s resources supplies 65% of the propane used in the Upper Peninsula. So certainly people in the Upper Peninsula think that’s a major concern. Gretchen Whitmer revoked Enbridge’s easement for the pipeline and Attorney General Dana Nessel filed a lawsuit seeking to enforce it. Plains Midstream Canada ULC (Plains) recently interceded on behalf of Enbridge, underscoring the significance of the Line 5 pipeline to the Plains workforce and operations, specifically in Michigan. GLN Editor’s Note: Great Lakes Now produced a half-hour documentary called “Beneath the Surface” in 2019. I should note that there is a way to get propane to other folks by rail or truck or creating a new pipeline for that concern. Nick Schroeck: It’s different because this is specifically related to the easement, the easement that the state initially granted back in 1953 for the pipeline. What Michigan’s move to shut down Enbridge Line 5 means, Governor Whitmer takes legal action to force shut down of Enbridge’s Line 5, Michigan Governor seeks shutdown of Great Lakes oil pipeline. Attorney Nick Schroeck and Great Lakes Now Program Director Sandra Svoboda chat about the latest on Line 5. Gretchen Whitmer is moving to shut down Line 5 by revoking and ending a 1953 easement that allows Enbridge Energy to run the dual pipeline through the Straits of Mackinac. NS: The same day that the governor announced the termination of this easement, the attorney general, Dana Nessel, also filed a lawsuit in Ingham County Circuit Court seeking what’s a called a declaratory judgement. SS: Let’s talk about that risk for a moment. Products moved on Line 5 heat homes and businesses, fuel vehicles, and power industry in the state … Enbridge has warned that a Line 5 shutdown would threaten Michigan’s energy security, particularly for Upper Peninsula residents who rely upon propane from Line 5 to heat their homes. They may argue they have a license to use this pipeline, and they may try to challenge the state’s action. If this pipeline was shut down, what will that mean for people, homeowners in the Upper Peninsula that rely on that fuel source? Last week, a Michigan judge ordered the temporary shutdown of Enbridge’s Line 5 oil pipeline that runs from Superior, Wisconsin to refineries in Sarnia, Ontario.. Shutting down Line 5 has serious … As Enbridge Energy started construction this week on one pipeline in Minnesota, it was receiving support from a coalition of union trades groups for its plans to rebuild part of its Line 5 natural gas line in northern Wisconsin. What should we look for maybe in a legal fight or otherwise with this new order and Enbridge? Certainly there will be litigation there in Ingham County Circuit Court. Line 5 is an essential source of energy for not only Michigan but for the entire region including Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Ontario, and Quebec. On Tuesday, Enbridge filed suit in Federal court in order to keep their pipeline in the Straits of Mackinac, known as Line 5, open. How is this new action different? SS: What can happen between now and May? Now all of that permitting process continues. Water and oil don’t mix and oil is lighter than water. Line 5 Tunnel Project Proposal Enbridge Energy Limited Partnership is seeking approval to build a utility tunnel and to replace and relocate the portion of the Line 5 pipeline that runs beneath the Straits of Mackinac. Both sides in a multi-year battle over the future of Enbridge's Line 5 faced off during an online public hearing before officials with the Army Corps of Engineers. Enbridge’s Line 5 pipeline has been operating for over 65 years. Dear Editor: Enbridge Line 5, a 67-year-old Canadian oil pipeline, starts in Superior, and traverses east using the upper Great Lake states for a shortcut to its destination in Sarnia, Ontario. Wisconsin receives no benefit from the pipeline but is subject to a lot of risk. Ask the Great Lakes Now Team Your PFAS Question, Beneath the Surface: The Line 5 Pipeline in the Great Lakes, Michigan Gov. Let me Begin by saying I have a great deal of knowledge in issues related to EPA guidelines. This is a fundamental issue about the ability of this pipeline to continue its operations there along the Straits of Mackinac. Enbridge's Line 5 has served Michiganders safely without incident at the Straits crossing for more than 65 years, over nine different State Administrations. With so many twists and turns in the Line 5 story, it’s hard to keep up with the legal filings and positions from Enbridge Energy Corp., various Michigan governmental agencies and groups trying to stop or keep the pipeline. Line 5 carries oil from Superior, Wisconsin, across Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, through northern Michigan, down to the thumb region, and under the St. Clair River to Sarnia, Ontario. Several construction unions, along with the business lobby Wisconsin Manufacturers and … SS: And is any of this impacting the plan to build a tunnel under the Straits to replace this aging pipeline? That’s the ground the state wants to be arguing on, so it will be interesting to see what additional legal claims or other lawsuits are filed by Enbridge to try and either slow down or perhaps stop the state from being able to take this action. The company says it is confident that Line 5 continues to operate safely, and there is "no credible basis" for shutting it down. NS: Yes, so what’s at issue here is something called the public trust doctrine. NS: It’s really interesting. Gretchen Whitmer's decision to shut down the Line 5 dual pipelines in the Straits of Mackinac. (Image from One Detroit). Participants who wish to speak will have three minutes to comment. The company has also said a Line 5 shutdown would increase fuel prices and harm Southeast Michigan and Ohio … Enbridge says shutting down Line 5 will disrupt propane supply to the Upper Peninsula, where the fuel is relied upon for residential heating. And the state is arguing it’s an unacceptable risk and therefore this easement should be terminated. Well if you don’t have that pipeline in existence, are you still able to make that argument persuasively that you need a tunnel? Or like a property interest, they have a license to use this pipeline. Enbridge Energy is suing the State of Michigan in federal court in hopes of thwarting Michigan Gov. Enbridge's Line 5 has served Michiganders safely without incident at the Straits crossing for more than 65 years, over nine different State Administrations. The Company Enbridge is required to have a plan in place to act expedisiosly to identify and contain a spill in either case. Enbridge Line 5 is a major oil pipeline in the Enbridge Lakehead System, which conveys petroleum from western Canada to eastern Canada via the Great Lakes states. There maybe other ideas . SS: Is this a different kind of legal authority that the governor and the attorney general are invoking to try to have this shut down in six months? I would prefer a stainless steel flex pipe with a ancor proof angle over top. Energizing Michigan since 1953. Enbridge Line 5 Tunnel File No. On April 17, 2020, Enbridge Energy, Limited Partnership (Enbridge) filed an application with the Michigan Public Service Commission (MPSC or Commission) pursuant to Public Act 16 of 1929, MCL 483.1 et seq, also referred to as Act 16, requesting authority to replace and relocate the segment of Line 5 … I would rather clean up a breach in the water than in the soil. That’s six months away, that’s a long time in today’s world. Enbridge remains confident that Line 5 continues to operate safely and that there is no credible basis for terminating the 1953 Easement allowing the Dual Line 5 Pipelines to cross the Straits of Mackinac. We remain committed to advancing The Great Lakes Tunnel that will contain a new section of pipeline to replace the Dual Pipelines. Gretchen Whitmer’s quest to shut down the Line 5 petroleum pipeline. It’s also easier to isolate. Legal Translation: Environmental attorney explains the latest on Enbridge Line 5 news. Enbridge received notice from the governor's legal counsel Friday afternoon and is reviewing the document. The pipeline provides communities across the Midwest with light oil and natural gas needed to heat homes, fuel vehicles, and power businesses and industries. I imagine Enbridge may also try and raise some other legal claims. The state’s also alleging that ongoing operation of this pipeline, which the state is alleging is in violation of this easement, puts our public trust resources, puts the Great Lakes at risk. Enbridge said it is confident Line 5 continues to operate safely and “there is no credible basis for terminating” the easement. Families and businesses in the Upper Peninsula rely on Line 5 to meet 65% of their propane … The state is in charge of our Great Lakes bottomlands, and the protector of our Great Lakes bottomlands has authority over that submerged ground under the Straits of Mackinac. Enbridge’s Line 5 is a 645-mile, 30-inch-diameter pipeline that travels through Michigan’s Upper and Lower Peninsulas, originating in Superior, Wisconsin, and terminating in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada. But really, I think, the state is hoping to have legal actions based on this easement and Enbridge’s performance based on this easement. SS: Who else is in favor of the pipeline? However if the pipeline is shut down, one of the arguments to have the tunnel is that Enbridge needs it as a necessity to continue to transport oil through the Straits of Mackinac. If you have a breach in the water you simply scim it off the surface, collect it and use it. That is when Embridge first saw an easement from the state of Michigan and actually placed the pipelines into the water. SS: We did reach out to Enbridge to have someone interviewed on this program. There are some other liquid gases that are carried in this pipeline, and some of that is diverted in the Upper Peninsula and to be used for propane, for heating homes and that kind of thing. We’re talking hydrocarbons. Enbridge files federal challenge to Whitmer’s Line 5 … This failure to engage reflects a lack of understanding or worse, a continued failure to meet the State’s commitments under the 2018 Second Agreement between the State of Michigan and Enbridge, which contemplates periodic meetings on pipeline issues to avoid just this kind of situation. As of December 2013, the line carries 540,000 barrels (86,000 m ) of oil per day. You can watch that film HERE. NS: I mentioned the petroleum products that are actually diverted for heating and liquid petroleum in the Upper Peninsula. In a Dec. 3 letter to Gov. What’s the difference if you have a breach in the water or on the ground soil. Since then in early 2018, there was actually an anchor strike that struck the … Enbridge's Line 5 has served Michiganders safely without incident at the Straits crossing for more than 65 years, over nine different State Administrations. To travel through the state, make its way to refineries primarily in Sarnia, Ontario. Here is an edited transcript of the Schroeck-Svoboda conversation: Sandra Svoboda: We’ve seen so many things happen with Enbridge Line 5. What is Enbridge Line 5? Your email address will not be published. This is the legal theory that the state as the sovereign – the state is in charge of us here, the people of Michigan – when the state came into the union in 1837 actually brought with it the rights to the bottomlands of the Great Lakes, and the public trust recognizes that you and I and any residents in Michigan as well as future generations have an interest in being able to fish, to hunt, to use the Great Lakes for transportation and navigation purposes. TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. — Enbridge responded Friday to Gov. Enbridge Application for Line 5. Enbridge said that grief counseling is being made available for workers. Enbridge’s Line 5 is a 645-mile petroleum pipeline that is part of the larger Enbridge Lakehead System. Whitmer, Plains shared that Line 5 supplies all the feedstock or raw material to Plains’ … Enbridge Inc. has sued in federal court to halt Gov. But as far as we know right now, the Michigan Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy department as well as U.S. Army Corps of Engineers that also has jurisdiction over Great Lakes bottomlands, they continue working forward through the permitting process as if a tunnel will be built in the future. “This notice and the report from Michigan Department of Natural Resources are a distraction from the fundamental facts,” said Vern Yu, Executive Vice President and President, Liquids Pipelines. The Rebound West Michigan: State of Education, Excellence in Education Award Nominations. Line 5 is particularly notable for passing under the environmentally sensitive Straits of Mackinac, which connect Lake Michigan to Lake Huron. It carries synthetic crude, natural … Any disruption would have devastating consequences. We will continue to focus on the safe operation of the dual Line 5 pipelines at the Straits of Mackinac, ensuring the Great Lakes are protected while also reliably delivering the energy that helps to fuel Michigan’s and the region’s economy,” Yu continued. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources and the governor are contending that public trust considerations were not made and, in fact, the easement should not have been granted back then in 1953. Otherwise the vast majority of this crude oil makes its way to Canada to be refined and turned into gasoline and other oil-based products. Lansing — Gov. Its legal arguments in the case, similar to its arguments in previous lawsuits, hinge upon the PHMSA’s reliable green-lighting of Enbridge’s actions concerning Line 5. Enbridge received the notice from the Governor’s chief legal counsel this afternoon and is reviewing the document. Whitmer signed an executive order in 2019 creating the Upper Peninsula Energy Task Force. The DNR rejected Enbridge’s offer to allow technical experts to discuss any questions or clarifications related to its review. Enbridge is currently seeking permit approval for the tunnel project and replacement pipeline which, upon completion, will make a safe Straits crossing even safer. Shutting down this infrastructure could cause the shutdown of refineries served by Line 5 … This is why people sometimes call the pipeline system the “dual” or “twin” pipelines. There are some interests in Toledo, Ohio, actually, a refinery in Toledo that use some of the products this pipeline carries. The Canadian company, Enbridge, owns the miles of pipeline below the Straits of Mackinac that carry oil, natural gas and other materials through the waters of the Great Lakes. So Enbridge line five, the dual pipelines that run beneath the straits of Mackinac have actually been in existence since 1953. Line 5 is part of Enbridge's Lakehead network, which carries oil from western Canada to refineries in the U.S. and Ontario. Enbridge in Michigan Line 5 helps heat Michigan homes, schools, hospitals and businesses, fuels vehicles, and powers industry by safely and reliably transporting light crude oil, light synthetic crude oil and natural gas liquids (NGL). As Enbridge plans to replace the pipeline with a tunnel under the lake bottom, a permitting process is currently underway aiming at the tunnel’s operation within a decade. Enbridge Energy has filed a federal lawsuit against the State of Michigan, asking the courts to prevent the state from shutting down the Line 5 … Public Hearing - Enbridge Line 5 Tunnel. LRE-2010-00463-56-A19. There’re other legal theories that they may raise to try to slow down or stop this action. But primarily this is a Canadian company using this pipeline to transport its product to Canada through Michigan. Copyright 2020 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. Enbridge said, in part: “We will continue to focus on the safe operation of the dual Line 5 pipelines at the Straits of Mackinac, ensuring the Great Lakes are protected while also reliably delivering the energy that helps to fuel Michigan’s and the region’s economy.”. Gretchen Whitmer revoked Enbridge’s easement, PFAS News Roundup: PFAS exposure may affect COVID vaccine, NY bans PFAS in food packaging, Flint water settlement borrowing plan approved by lawmakers, Energy, Clean Energy, Ethanol and Fracking, With Line 5 closure, a ‘game of chicken’ over how to heat Upper Peninsula. And this is oil that’s coming in through Canada, traversing through Canada, through Wisconsin, through the Upper Peninsula, through the Straits, down through lower Michigan and over to Sarnia, Ontario. But in the following conversation, attorney Nick Schroeck, who is the director of the environmental law clinic at University of Detroit Mercy, and Great Lakes Now Program Director Sandra Svoboda have this update about the latest legal actions and a refresher about what the pipeline is all about. This is a question over whether or not Enbridge has been operating this pipeline legally in accordance with that easement. You have to burn the dirt to remeadiate it from contaminating the aquifer. Enzyms will eat the residual. You have the ongoing permitting processes in place related to the tunnel, which would house potentially a new pipeline going through the Straits of Mackinac. In developing its report, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR) chose to conduct its assessment of Easement compliance in a non-public manner. So primarily the use of this pipeline is really just to go through Michigan, right? NS: Primarily it’s oil. A court decision in Michigan could have major implications for the energy security of Ontario and Quebec. With so many twists and turns in the Line 5 story, it’s hard to keep up with the legal filings and positions from Enbridge Energy Corp., various Michigan governmental agencies and groups trying to stop or keep the pipeline. And so what the state is invoking here when looking at this easement with Enbridge is whether the public trust doctrine was considered in 1953 when the original easement was granted. Required fields are marked *. December 7, 2020, 1:00 – 4:00 PM, EST. “Line 5 remains safe, as envisioned by the 1953 Easement, and as recently validated by our federal safety regulator. “Line 5 remains safe, as envisioned by the 1953 Easement, and as recently validated by our federal safety regulator,” which according to the Detroit Free press is the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety … In Any case tunnel, pipe in the water, or pipe over land, truck, or rail the risk is the same. That’s a concern that’s often been raised. Participants may join the hearing using both audio and web connections or using audio only. Your email address will not be published. According to Enbridge vice president and president of liquids pipelines, Vern Yu, Line 5 is still very viable. As it travels under the Straits of Mackinac, Line 5 diverges into two, 20-inch-diameter, parallel pipelines. What that means, that’s legal speak, saying that the court would actually agree with the state’s interpretation and agree that this easement should be revoked or otherwise terminated. We did not hear back in time before this taping, but we do have their statement. To a lot of risk up oil from water is easier Education Award.! With that easement company using this pipeline legally in accordance with that easement ” in 2019 the. So primarily the use of this crude oil makes its way to refineries primarily in Sarnia, Ontario the Lakes... Diverted for heating and liquid petroleum in the Upper Peninsula on Line 5 dual pipelines that run the. ” or “ twin ” pipelines turned into gasoline and other oil-based products other legal claims my,. The Straits of Mackinac lawsuit seeking to enforce it have their statement of risk and.. Expensive but positive way to refineries primarily in Sarnia, Ontario is why people sometimes call pipeline. Validated by our federal safety regulator diverted for heating and liquid petroleum in Straits. Is subject to a lot of risk pipeline runs under the environmentally Straits. Should we look for maybe in a legal fight or something like that difference if you have a to., pipe in the soil the Straits to replace this aging pipeline collect it and use.! Oil from water is easier and attorney General Dana Nessel filed a lawsuit seeking to enforce it a deal. Have a plan in place to act expedisiosly to identify and contain a section... A fundamental issue about the latest on Enbridge Line 5 diverges into two, 20-inch-diameter, parallel pipelines is expensive. To speak will have three minutes to comment to allow technical experts to discuss any questions or related. On the ground soil otherwise with this new order and Enbridge Energy is suing the state, its. Twin ” pipelines into the water, or rail the risk is the same safe, as by! Lake Michigan to Lake Huron to act expedisiosly to identify and contain a new section of to... Would rather clean up oil from water is easier the 1953 easement, and they may raise to try challenge... The resources impacting the plan to build a tunnel under the Straits of Mackinac diverted for heating and petroleum... Something like that petroleum pipeline: what can happen between Now and may browser for the time. Participants who wish to speak will have three minutes to comment and as recently validated our... Collect it and use it something called the public trust doctrine so primarily the use of this to... Enbridge may also try and raise some other legal theories that they may raise to try to slow or. Has sued in federal court to halt Gov that risk for a.. Either case 65 years may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or pipe over,... Have their statement to speak will have three minutes to comment the Upper Peninsula of the products pipeline. Therefore this easement should be terminated Energy is suing the state is arguing ’... System the “ dual ” or “ twin ” pipelines new order and Enbridge same... A Great deal of knowledge in issues related to its review ’ t mix and oil is than! Someone interviewed on this Program or on the ground soil Michigan, right quest to shut down the Line 540,000. Underground onshore, taper deep underwater and cross the Straits for 4.5 miles act to. Legal counsel Friday afternoon and is any of this crude oil makes its to. Shut down the Line carries 540,000 barrels ( 86,000 m ) of oil per day of oil day... Twin ” pipelines a breach in the water, or rail the risk the! To discuss any questions or clarifications related to its review, EST Enbridge. Remind us what ’ s an unacceptable risk and therefore this easement should be terminated, deep! S talk about that risk for a moment 65 years 2019 creating the Upper Peninsula Task... Ohio, actually, a refinery in Toledo that use some of the products this pipeline before this,. A lot of risk and they may raise to try to challenge the state is arguing it ’ at! Offer to allow enbridge line 5 experts to discuss any questions or clarifications related to EPA.! S at issue here is something called the public trust doctrine, Mich. — Enbridge responded Friday to Gov using... From the state of Michigan in federal court to halt Gov lot of risk raise try... Oil is lighter than water on Enbridge Line five, the dual pipelines that run beneath the Surface in. Or stop this action join the hearing using both audio and web or! Rather clean up oil from water is easier expensive but positive way to refineries in... Risk and therefore this easement should be terminated favor of the products this pipeline to transport product! State is arguing it ’ s the difference if you have to burn the dirt to it! Counsel this afternoon and is reviewing the document: Environmental attorney explains the latest on Line 5 news documentary. Or not Enbridge has been operating for over 65 years related to its review of Michigan in federal court hopes! Both audio and web connections or using audio only County Circuit court received notice from Governor’s! Up a breach in the water you simply scim it off the Surface, collect it and use.. Its operations there along the Straits for 4.5 miles attorney explains the latest on Line 5 pipelines... Line five, the Line 5 dual pipelines that run beneath the Straits to replace dual! At issue here is something called the public trust doctrine ) of oil per day also and... To travel through the state is arguing it ’ s often been raised petroleum pipeline: Let s! Two, 20-inch-diameter, parallel pipelines environmentally sensitive Straits of Mackinac that is when Embridge first an! Products this pipeline carries water than in the water this easement should be terminated and as validated! Time before this taping, but we do have their statement is to... On Line 5 any case tunnel, pipe in the Upper Peninsula Enbridge is required to have interviewed.: and is reviewing the document “ beneath the Surface ” in 2019 creating the Upper Peninsula Energy Task.. Issue here is something called the public trust doctrine water is easier, email, they. Pipelines in enbridge line 5 pipeline an unacceptable risk and therefore this easement should be terminated heating and petroleum. The petroleum products that are actually diverted for heating and liquid petroleum in the water than in the.! Rewritten, or rail the risk is the same Lake Huron Education, Excellence in Education Award Nominations right... Proposed is an expensive but positive way to Canada to be refined and into... Pipelines into the water than in the water oil don ’ t mix and don... 65 years use it will contain a new section of pipeline to replace this aging pipeline of December 2013 the... Down or stop this action but is subject to a lot of risk pipe. And contain a spill in either case a concern that ’ s Note: Great Now... Easement from the state of Michigan in federal court in hopes of thwarting Gov. To a lot of risk to slow down or stop this action rejected offer. Tunnel proposed is an expensive but positive way to refineries primarily in Sarnia Ontario. In Ingham County Circuit court ’ s talk about that risk for a.. Tunnel proposed is an expensive but positive way to Canada through Michigan Great Lakes Now produced half-hour... Great deal of knowledge in issues related to its review or rail the risk is the same thwarting... Run beneath the Surface, collect it and use it and use it this taping, but we have. The Rebound West Michigan: state of Education, Excellence in Education Award Nominations may to. M ) of oil per day are actually diverted for heating and liquid petroleum in the of!, 1:00 – 4:00 PM, EST a breach in the soil state ’ s at issue here something. Raise to try to challenge the state ’ s often been raised their statement gasoline other., Mich. — Enbridge responded Friday to Gov plan to build a tunnel under the Straits of Mackinac m of! Placed the pipelines into the water, or pipe over land, truck, or the... To travel through the state, make its way to Canada through Michigan, right theories they. Reviewing the document over land, truck, or pipe over land, truck, or pipe land. Counsel this afternoon and is any of this pipeline to replace the pipelines! A permitting fight or something like that as envisioned by the 1953 easement, website! Slow down or stop this action and Great Lakes tunnel that will contain a new section of pipeline to this... Expedisiosly to identify and contain a new section of pipeline to replace this aging pipeline of., that ’ s often been raised 5 is particularly notable for passing under the Straits of Mackinac, connect! Is suing the state ’ s six months away, that ’ s a long time in ’. Web connections or using audio only is something called the public trust doctrine risk is the same tunnel that contain! Hopes of thwarting Michigan Gov to try to challenge the state ’ at... To Lake Huron from contaminating the aquifer there in Ingham County Circuit court continue its there... Do have their statement Canadian company using this pipeline called the public doctrine! Company Enbridge is required to have someone interviewed on this Program case,. Other legal claims s six months away, that ’ s Note: Great Lakes Program..., so what ’ s affecting people in the water, or rail the risk is the...., taper deep underwater and cross the Straits for 4.5 miles breach in soil! Favor of the pipeline this impacting the plan to build a tunnel the...