The City of Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by Cowi have developed a general and citywide cloudburst masterplan that divides Copenhagen and Frederiksberg into catchments to found the basis for the specific master planning and project identification. Extreme weather events cannot be managed by conventional pipe systems and their occurrence becomes more difficult to predict. Copenhagen has found a way to co-finance its flood protection plan, provide for new civic amenities, dig up fewer streets and save money, all thanks to one tweak of the law. Copenhagen’s First Climate resilient neighbourhood Green streets, green urban squares, and cloudburst streets that diverts rainwater away from the neighbourhood, these are ways in which we can avoid water damages when extreme rainfall events or cloudbursts occur. The process was formalized as the Copenhagen Cloudburst Formula, a six-step procedure for integrating the Blue-Green Approach: Demonstrating the relevance of the Cloudburst Toolkit palette of retrofit techniques on the first selected Hot Spot of the 10 km2 catchment of Lådegåds-Åen (a priority catchment set in the center of Copenhagen and at a high risk to flooding) investment opportunities in the form of Blue-Green techniques were created on the surface where they are visible, interactive urban components. It includes 300 separate projects that are expected to run over the course of the next 20 years. The Copenhagen Cloudburst Management Plan 2012 is a blue-green stormwater management infrastructure, where rainwater is led to open spaces and other buffer areas during rain events until the drainage system has recovered its capacities and can take in that extra water. This is the vision for Copenhagen’s first Climate Resilient Neighbourhood. General Cloudburst Master Planning Initiatives: Administered by Mayor for technical and environmental affairs, Morten Kabell; General cloudburst masterplan with catchments of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg (basis for the specific master planning and project identification): City Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by COWI Copenhagen realized that Cloudbursts were not a one-off occurrence; the threat compounds as harbor sea levels are predicted to rise one meter by 2110. Kjeld’s, City of Copenhagen, Climate Change Adaptation Plan, American Society of Landscape Architects 2016 Award. In contrast, the Blue-Green Masterplan Option lowered the lake level from +5.8m to +2.8m, creating a new Cloudburst storage volume of 40,000m3 and a revitalized lakeside connection which had previously been only partially accessible. Copenhagen is taking on the issue of climate change. Cities around the world can look to the Copenhagen Cloudburst Formula as a model for implementing innovative, pragmatic, feasible measures within existing urban fabric. © Oppla 2020 ● Privacy Policy ● Terms of Use, City of Copenhagen, City of Fredriksberg, HOFOR, The City of Copenhagen Cloudburst ManageMent Plan 2012, Landezine article: Copenhagen Strategic Flood Masterplan, Klimakvarter, Copenhagen Climate Resilient Neighbourhood, Copenhagen, 2016, Klimakvarter, Environmental Administration - The Integrated Urban Renewal in Skt. important plans, such as the Climate Action Plan, the Bicycle Strategy and the Strategy for Urban Life. Traditional drainage solutions such as underground reservoirs are becoming less viable as utilities occupy more underground space. The Adaptation and Cloudburst Plans and accompanying measures aim to establish the co-sharing of adaptation between the City of Copenhagen, citizens and other private actors. The implementable, pragmatic tools mitigate extreme storm events and improve our cityscapes. A recent interactive workshop led by the Engineer and Landscape Architect in a suburb of Copenhagen engaged residents through a series of interactive sessions designed to raise awareness and survey desired citizen interests. The solutions are based on real situations, aligned to preexisting underground infrastructure. Yet water has no boundary. Copenhagen is on the front line of climate change, experiencing increasingly heavy rain events, as they are also on the leading edge of urban innovation with a vision of transforming their city into a sustainable, C02 neutral city by 2025. These plans are based on an un-paralleled city-wide use of integrated planning and implementation of blue-green infrastructure, that have inspired planners on an international basis. Over the next 30 years, Copenhagen will implement an ambitious cloudburst masterplan and a number of concretisation plans to protect the entire city against the damages of heavy rain. The University of Copenhagen offers a wide range of Master's degree programmes (MA/MSc) taught in English. Cloudburst Economics: A detailed socio-economic Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) tested two masterplan options. Blue- Green is the future for establishing urban ecological waterscapes while balancing sound investment and economic opportunities with social benefit improvements. Cloudburst master plan The municipality of Copenhagen decided to implement a cloudburst master plan for the protection of the city against future cloudbursts. Recently, the plan and its 300 projects have been finally approved by the city council and the initiative is now inspiring cities worldwide. Cloudburst solutions are often left out of upstream area planning where residents see no flooding problems. The Copenhagen Climate Adaptation plan was adopted in 2011 in response to the extreme, water-related consequences of climate change to which the city is exposed. General Cloudburst Master Planning Initiatives: Administered by Mayor for technical and environmental affairs, Morten Kabell General cloudburst masterplan with catchments of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg (basis for the specific master planning and project identification) City Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by COWI The Blue-Green Approach develops a synergistic relationship between the two, integrating climate adaptation solutions within the limited confines of urban space, encouraging a solution utilizing the best of both techniques. These integrated, multi-disciplinary plans bridge the gap between planning and site-specific solutions through the application of a typology-based Cloudburst Toolkit. In 2011 the City of Copenhagen adopted the Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan xxvii, complemented by the Cloudburst Management Plan xxviii (2012) detailing the methods, priorities, and measures related to adaptation to extreme rainfall events. The listed park has been transformed into a climate project with a 22.600 m3 water reservoir. The lake overflows into a 2.5m diameter tunnel to the harbor as a reduced sized pipe. The park is one of 300 cloudburst projects that the City of Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utility (HOFOR) plan to finish in the next 20 years to protect Copenhagen against future flooding. Copenhagen Cloudburst Management Plan. Over the next 30 years Copenhagen will be implementing a new and ambitious cloudburst master plan protecting the city against 100-year flood events. The plan was designed in collaboration with the consultancy COWI, and in 2013 it won the international acclaimed design award, Index:Award (INternational DEsign eXhibition). The Copenhagen Concretization Plans were commissioned to combat climate change following 2011’s flood. Copenhagen_Cloudburst-Masterplan-Atelier-Dreiseitl-10 « Landscape Architecture Platform. The “Cloudburst Management Plan” addresses 8 central city catchments (Norrebro, Ladegards-aen and Vesterbro, Valby & Vanlose), encompassing a total area of 34 km². Jun 2, 2015 - A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. See the full list of programmes below – or find relevant programmes according to your areas of interest. Cost of Doing Nothing: An analysis undertaken by the city and consultants calculated that the effect of climate change was so large, that the cost of doing nothing would amount to approximately €55-80 million a year from now to 2110. The plan puts Copenhagen on track to becoming the world’s first car-bon-neutral city by 2025, and since launching its first Climate Plan in 2009, the city has already achieved significant reductions in … at Conventional infrastructure is considered to be generally technical, underground, hidden elements while Blue-Green solutions are low-tech, on the surface, and interactive. Cloudburst solutions can provide much more than just stormwater management. Download the NYC Cloudburst Resiliency Study; Download the City of Copenhagen Cloudburst Management Plan 2012; As a result of the cloudburst study, we’re now testing the implementation of cloudburst infrastructure at the NYC Housing Authority’s South Jamaica Houses. The Ladegads-Aen catchment was selected as a prototypical test area due to its high risk to flooding and sea surges. The conclusion - traditional piped solutions alone were not enough. The majority of relevant information is available at the city homepage for free, and the Technical and Environmental Administration also offers assistance, for example at environmental offices located in local communities in the city. The Copenhagen Formula adapts interdisciplinary approaches, moving away from isolated thinking. CLOUDBURST MANAGEMENT PLAN OF COPENHAGEN Cloudburst is defined as a heavy rainfall with more than 15 mm of rain falling in 30 minutes (Website 2, dingeo). In 2011 ,Copenhagen experienced the worst and most destructive cloudburst in the city’s history. The option with the highest percentage of Blue-Green solutions and also the least additional infrastructural pipe improvements created a potential savings 50% greater than Conventional solutions alone. The 2011 event had been preceded by a 100-year storm in August 2010 and was hit again in 2014. Municipal borders must be lowered to develop a common vision across disparate districts. The Cloudburst Management Plan developed by the City of Copenhagen was coordinated with Køben-havns Energi (Copenhagen Energy), the City of Frederiksberg, and Frederiksberg Forsyning (Frederiksberg utility company), since all rainwater falling in Frederiksberg during an extreme rainfall event leads to either a sewage treatment plant or into the sea via the City of Copenhagen. Resilient urban ecological waterscapes are the foundation for vibrant public realm spaces that are culturally and socially significant and contribute to the economic longevity, quality of life, and well-being of cities. The Copenhagen 1948 Finger Plan | Urban design graphics, Urban design concept, Urban spaces design The “Cloudburst Toolkit” was developed as a palette of universally applicable, multi-functional, flexible elements. Blue-Green is the future for establishing urban ecological waterscapes while balancing sound investment and economic opportunities with social benefit improvements. PUBLIC-PRIVATE ENGAGEMENT – LASTING BENEFITS: One of the largest, in 2011, caused damage totalling about DKK 6bn. In July 2011, in less than two hours, Copenhagen was hit by an extreme 1000-year storm event – or Cloudburst – where 150mm of rain left large areas of the city under up to one meter of water. The Plan is based on the Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan and on detailed flood mapping and risk analyses. A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. The Copenhagen Formula provides a structure for integrating built, existing context with retrofit Blue-Green solutions. plan will be fully implemented throughout the city by around 2033. by the middle of this century, copenhagen will have smaller streets surrounded by plenty of trees and shrubs designed to absorb runoff and regulate water flow, while channeling excess water from storms into cloudburst boulevards. The result - public water utility companies began financing solutions that integrated Cloudburst events. For 4 of the initial specific catchments Ramboll and Studio Dreiseitl - in cooperation with the City of Copenhagen, Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR), Frederiksberg Municipality and Frederiksberg Utilities - proposed a vision and concepts that became boiled down into 3 masterplans covering more than half of the more than 300 projects in the two cities; Copenhagen and Frederiksberg. The cloudburst on 2 July 2011 was a wake-up call for the Danish capital; it caused over $1 billion in damage and affected 400 million Danes. We said, ‘Instead of doing pinpoint projects, let’s develop a rainwater master plan.’ - Rainwater is only a problem if it goes where you don’t want it to go.” That gave city planners the option of The Danish capital’s cloudburst mitigation plans are focused on solving increased heavy rain challenges, climate adaptation of the sewerage systems, as well as creating higher living standards in the city that will benefit the residents. The Conventional Masterplan Option retained Sankt Jørgens Lake as it exists; there is cultural value in keeping the historical layout yet the lake currently lies above the surrounding street level and floods during rain events, requiring the creation of a new 5m diameter pipe to funnel flood water to the harbor. The city administration has furthermore included HOFOR, the regional water company, and inv… Modeling and Mapping: Municipalities divided their regions into stormwater catchments, undertaking large-scale hydrological models (including GIS, surface water, sewage, landscape character, risk assesments) to map vulnerable areas. Comprehensive site analysis led to establishing the Copenhagen Cloudburst Formula and a Cloudburst Toolkit of urban mitigation strategies and components. On 2 July, 2011 large areas of the city of Copenhagen were flooded in a cloudburst. The City of Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by Cowi have developed a general and citywide cloudburst masterplan that divides Copenhagen and Frederiksberg into catchments to found the basis for the specific master planning and project identification. Putting the Cloudburst Management Plan into action will take a long Crisscrossed by a number of constructed urban barriers (such as streets, sidewalks, buildings, or train tracks) and with only minimal grade differences that prevent floodwaters from positively draining towards the main Copenhagen harbor outlet point into the sea, the key difference between the two options is the strategy for mitigating Sankt Jørgens Lake. Two masterplan variations were developed to assess potential advantages and disadvantages – Option 1 Conventional and Option 2 Blue-Green. René Sommer Lindsay, the city official in charge of St. Kjeld’s transformation. Jonathan Andrews explains what the US$1.4 billion plan entails and whether it can become a benchmark for other cities The infamous cloudburst that struck Copenhagen in 2011 inundated the city with 15 […] Supported by the European Commission under the Environment (including climate change) Theme of the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technical Development. Luke Strickland and Stuart Divall of Ramboll UK review some of the flood mitigation measures implemented in the Danish capital since its cataclysmic flood in July 2011. A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. 29.05.2015 - A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. In July 2011, in less than two hours, Copenhagen was hit by an extreme 1000-year storm event – or Cloudburst – where 150mm of rain left large areas of the city under up to one meter of water. Climate changes will inevitably transform the urban landscape. Cloudburst solutions are now implemented in local plans where synergy projects are encouraged between municipalities, water utilities, and philanthropists as catalysts for development. The technical engineering investment is calculated at twice the size and cost of the pipes required for the Blue-Green Option, and also creates limited new public green space. tions are to be applied in Copenhagen in the coming years. Saved by Landezine. The strategic flood masterplan is the opportunity to safeguard Copenhagen while providing the foundations for a high-quality city environment. 542. Private developers and homeowners alike become champions for local solutions where a multi-disciplinary, cross-agency collaboration engaged designers, planners, sociologists, economists, biologists, geographers, information specialists, and communication experts interacting with public utility companies, stakeholders, interest groups, local politicians, and investors. Involvement and Iteration: Cloudbursts would influence each area of Copenhagen; an overall strategy for a public participation program was established to gauge the requirements of the citizens who would be affected. The 2011 event had been preceded by a 100-year storm in August 2010 and was hit again in 2014. Saved by Landezine. The solution combines the Blue-Green with the Grey (conventional) piped solution to result in a harmony between infrastructure and green space. Copenhagen has experienced major rainfall events in the past years. Can such an approach be transferred to the UK? Public participation workshops encourage and allow citizens to actively shape their municipality's Cloudburst strategy. In a city where many buildings and services are located below street level and where stormwater and sewage are in a combined pipe system, contaminated floodwater penetrated buildings and city infrastructure. A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. Adapting to climate change does not come cheap. The old working-class neighbourhood of San Kjeld near to the city’s port will be the first climate-change-adapted urban area in the world. Contemporary Landscape Urban Landscape Landscape Design Sponge City Masterplan Urban Design Diagram Urban Intervention Water Management Green Street. Splitting the bill between water utilities and the city budget made financing Copenhagen’s cloudburst plan possible. Ramboll employs 16,500 people globally and has especially strong representation in the Nordics, UK, North America, Continental Europe, Middle East and Asia-Pacific. Copenhagen realized that Cloudbursts were not a one-off occurrence; the threat compounds as “The cloudburst was really a wakeup call. 16. Heavy rainfall in July 2011 prompted the city to develop a specific Cloudburst Management Plan in 2012 . Copenhagen’s adaptation plan finds that the risk of serious damage to the city from rising seas will begin to change significantly in about 30 years. The “Cloudburst Toolkit” was developed as a palette of universally applicable, multi-functional, flexible elements. Hydraulic function was presented in an engaging, educational sequence that involved the public interest with private development goals. Additional qualitative social benefits, such as health, environmental, and urban spatial quality improvements resulting from the enhancements would potentially push this number even higher. Acting with visionary foresight, the municipality of Copenhagen has decided upon a comprehensive Cloudburst Management Plan for the entire city, including 300 cloudburst adaptation projects in the next 10 to 20 years. Copenhagen City Council signed off on its master plan for cloudburst management in November to be gradually implemented over the next 20 years. Its … Improve connectivity and functionality of green and blue infrastructures, Increase quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures, Increase awareness of NBS solution & their effectiveness and co benefits, Increase population & infrastructures protected by NBS, Nature-based solutions and the insurance value of ecosystems, Administered by Mayor for technical and environmental affairs, Morten Kabell, City Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by COWI, Palle Dannemand Sørensen, Jan Rasmussen and Lykke Leonardsen, Margit Lund Christensen, Nis Fink and Jes Clauson-Kaas, Camilla Julie Hvid, Jesper Rasmussen, Christian Nyerup Nielsen, City of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Climate Projects - Annual Report 2014, Copenhagen, 2015, City of Copenhagen, Green Roof in Copenhagen, 2012, State of Green, Copenhagen – Solutions for sustainable cities, Copenhagen, 2014. Ramboll is a leading engineering, architecture and consultancy company founded in Denmark in 1945. Climate adaptation Denmark cloudburst plan Copenhagen livable cities project The Rainflower is a sustainable multifunctional rainwater collector. Involvement and Iteration: Cloudbursts would influence each area of Copenhagen; an overall strategy for a public participation program was established to gauge the requirements of the citizens who would be affected. The Cloudburst Management Plan will form the basis for the implementation of mitigation efforts in the city and will also form part of general City Administration planning. Copenhagen_Cloudburst-Masterplan-Atelier-Dreiseitl-04 « Landscape Architecture Platform. The plan was prepared under the administration of Mayor for technical and environmental affairs, Morten Kabell. A common vision aligned engineers, hydraulic experts, GIS and information technologists, architects, planners, biologists, economists, communication specialists, and landscape architects with local citizens, investors and politicians. 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